Delivering on our promises
Agriculture and Rural Development
PROMOTING FOOD SECURITY THROUGH INVESTMENT IN AGRICULTURE
The vision of the Nana Addo-led administration is “to modernize agriculture, improve production efficiency, achieve food security, and profitability for our farmers, all aimed at significantly increasing agricultural productivity” The government has pursued the Planting for Food and Jobs policy as its flagship agricultural policy. The policy has five main modules providing different targeted interventions.
The Food Security Crop Module
The module of the Planting for Food and Jobs policy focuses on promoting cereals, legumes, vegetables as well as root and tubers that are staple foods in Ghana. Targeted interventions have included supply of fertilizers subsidised up to 50%, improved seeds and other planting materials and extension services. According to the 2019 Global Food Security Index (GFSI) Ghana was ranked 59 out of 113 countries compared to 73rd ranking in 2018. Food inflation in Ghana also reduced from 9.7% in 2016 to 7.2% in 2019. These statistics showed marked improvement in food security and reduction in prices resulting from increased yields. Furthermore, Ghana became a net exporter of maize in 2019.
In 2020, the module plans to procure and distribute 364,233 metric tonnes of organic and inorganic fertilizers to farmers at 50% subsidy. In addition, 24,032mt of improved seeds of cereals, legumes and vegetables, 100,000 cassava bundles (for 27,230 hectares) and 320,000 vines (for 500 hectares) of Orange Flesh Sweet Potato are expected to be procured and distributed to 1.2 million beneficiary farmers, an increase of 20% over the one million targeted in 2019.
Planting for Export and Rural Development Module
This module focuses on promoting tree crops such as cashew, coffee, coconut and oil palm. Targeted intervention here includes supply hybrid planting materials and extension services. As at September, 2019, 29 million certified seedlings of Cashew, Coffee, Coconut and Oil Palm were distributed to 91,292 farmers from 4,777 communities in 199 districts across twelve (12) regions to diversify exports and income sources of farmers.
In 2020, a total of 11,740,000 seedlings comprising 5 million cashew, 100,000 coffee, 40,000 coconut, 5 million oil palm, 100,000 mango and 1.5 million rubber will be distributed for establishment of 88,917.71 hectares of plantations in 212 project districts.
Rearing for Food and Jobs Module
The focus of this module is promoting the rearing of livestock and poultry. Targeted interventions include supplying of improved breeding stock and extension services. Since the launch of the Rearing for Food and Jobs in June, 2019, 7,500 improved breeding stock of sheep has been distributed to 750 farmers in Upper West, Northern and Oti regions and 30,000 cockerels to 3,000 farmers in Upper West, Eastern, Ashanti, Northern and Greater Accra regions.
In 2020, Government will continue to distribute:
- 14,000 small ruminants to 1,400 livestock farmers in 35 districts in the Savannah regions,
- 18,000 piglets to 1,800 farmers in 45 districts in the Southern regions
- 105,000 guinea fowls to 5,250 farmers in 35 districts of the Savannah regions.
- 80,000 cockerels to 4,000 farmers
- 182,000 layer pullets to 1,400 women farmers in 14 regions
Apart from the above planned interventions, there are plans to procure 70 small scale chicken processing units for (7) medium scale poultry farmers in 35 districts of the Savannah regions as well as restock eleven (11) livestock breeding stations with 5,500 small ruminants breeding stock and a mechanized borehole for animal watering and irrigation.
The Greenhouse Village Module
This module focuses on the production of vegetables in greenhouses for export and the local market. Planting vegetables in greenhouses does not require the use of chemicals normally used with open air cultivations. This allows for such vegetables to be sold at premium prices. The government contracted an Israeli company with expertise to construct three greenhouse villages worth US$19.7 million at Akomadan, Dwahenya and Bawjiase. All the facilities have training centres, greenhouse tunnels complete with automated drip irrigation facility, packhouses, cold storage facilities, a maintenance yard, classrooms and dormitory accommodation for visiting resource persons.
The government has already sent about fifty (50) students to Israel learning and working for eleven (11) months on greenhousing. They are expected to utilize the knowledge and skills gained in Israel to promote the programme upon their return. A second batch of 71 people has also been sent to Israel and are undergoing training. Already 238 agricultural graduates have received training at the greenhouse technology at the Dawhenya Training Centre.
Agricultural Mechanisation Services Centres
This is the final module of the Planting for Food and Jobs. This module seeks to build appropriate human and institutional resource capacities to effectively manage agricultural machinery/equipment for enhanced agriculture productivity in Ghana. The module targets Agricultural Machinery Operators/Farmers by equipping them with the requisite skills and knowledge upgrade to obviate the frequent breakdown and lengthy downtime of tractors and accessories primarily due to incorrect care and handling of the equipment. The training centres have been fully stocked with range of agricultural machinery as training materials for training purposes.
Apart from the core modules of the Planting for Food and Jobs (PFJ) policy, the government has also been running parallel programmes to supplement PFJ. Among these are the Irrigation and Water Management Programme and the Sustainable Management of Land and Environment Programme.
Irrigation and Water Management Programme
The purpose of this programme is to help farmers cultivate crops all year round. This is particularly important for the savannah vegetation zones that have only one raining season. The government has completed the construction of the Piiyiri Irrigation Dam (15ha), Guo Irrigation Dam (16ha) and Mprumem Irrigation Dam (phase I) for all year farming. Additional 2 dams and 14 small earth dams are at various stages of completion in 14 communities. Furthermore, work has commenced on the rehabilitation and modernisation of the Kpong Irrigation Scheme (2,276ha). Rehabilitation and modernisation of the Tono irrigation scheme (2,490ha) is 41 percent complete. The development of Kpong Left Bank irrigation schemes (2,000ha) is 31 percent completed. In all 6766 hectares will be made available for effective crop production when completed.
This year alone, the Ministry will complete the construction of Tamne and Mprumen phase II irrigation projects and the 14 earth dams. One hundred boreholes fitted with solar powered pumps will be sunk for small scale irrigation at selected locations. Construction of a small dam for greenhouse village at Dawhenya Irrigation Scheme will also be carried out. Kaniago Irrigation Scheme (60ha) in the Bono East Region and Ohawu Agriculture College Dam (20ha) in the Volta Region will also be rehabilitated.
Sustainable Management of Land and Environment Programme (SLWM)
The Sustainable Land and Water Management project is designed to contribute to enhanced food security and increased resilience of the beneficiary communities to climatic variability. Beneficiaries are trained in SLWM techniques such as contour bunds, zero tillage, crop rotation, intercropping with legumes, composting, mulching, protecting buffer zones and planting trees along river banks.
The SLWM project has supported 10,394 farmers (male – 5092, female – 5302) from 12 Districts (Wa East, Daffiama-Bussie-Issa, Sissala East, Sissala West, Kasena Nankana West, Builsa South, Talensi, Bawku West, Mamprugu-Moagduri, West Mamprusi, West Gonja and Sawla-Tuna-Kalba) to implement and adopt various SLWM technologies to support sustainable production of land resources. Additionally, the Savannah Zone Agricultural Productivity Improvement Project (SAPIP) also trained 1,300 smallholder farmers in various Climate Smart Agricultural Technologies to equip them with information and skills to address emerging climate change issues.
The government has not focused on the targeted interventions at the expense of the mainstay crop in agriculture, cocoa. Although international price for cocoa continued to be low the government kept faith with cocoa farmers by increasing the farm gate price from GH¢7,600 per tonne (GH¢475 per bag) to GH¢8,240 per tonne (GH¢515 per bag) for the 2019/2020 crop year. For the 2019/2020 crop year, cocoa production is projected at 850,000 tonnes.
To further boost farmer incomes and sustain interest in cocoa production, COCOBOD is about completing processes with the African Development Bank (AfDB) to raise US$600 million, a seven-year long term loan facility for the implementation of Productivity Enhancement Programmes (PEPs) and other initiatives. The Productivity Enhancement Programmes (PEPs) which began in the 2017/2018 crop year will continue in the new season with the expectation of scaling up with the African Development Bank (AfDB) funding. The PEPs include rehabilitation, cutting and replanting of diseased and moribund farms, irrigation programme during the dry season, hand pollination to compensate for loss of yield from the cut out areas, farmer database to enhance policy formulation and improvement in warehousing capacity to take care of the expected high yield from the cumulative effects of the PEPs.
To increase productivity and incomes of farmers the government has taken several steps. First, the compensation scheme for affected farmers under the rehabilitation scheme has been reviewed to take into consideration the land tenure system of a particular area. A total of 37,850 hectares is planned in the 2019/2020 crop year for rehabilitation. Secondly, the government will continue with its cocoa mass spraying to control pests and diseases as well as supply subsidised fertilizers to farmers. Thirdly, pollinators will be re-engaged to continue with the hand pollination of cocoa in the 2019/2020 crop year. Also, the government intends to continue with its cocoa farm irrigation and mass pruning exercises.
Government is vigorously promoting cocoa consumption both locally and externally as integral component of the PEPs. Cocoa drink as part of the menu for the School Feeding Programme is being implemented at the basic, junior and senior high school institutions. Furthermore, as part of the policy to promote industrialisation, Government fashioned out policies to enhance cocoa processing in Ghana. In relation to this, construction underway is at Sehwi Wiawso for a $60 million cocoa processing factory which is a partnership between Ghana and Chinese government.
375 dams/dugouts completed.
28 warehouses/silos completed.
3 greenhouse training centres with commercial components established.
296 graduates trained in greenhouse vegetable production.
Construction of cocoa processing factor at Sehwi Wiawso underway.
Farm gate cocoa price increased from GH¢7,600 to GH¢8,240 per tonne for the 2019/2020 crop year.
364,233 metric tonnes of organic and inorganic fertilizers to be distributed to farmers at 50% subsidy.